The Cocoa Horizons Foundation is committed to a deforestation-free, carbon positive cocoa supply chain.
Cocoa Horizons focuses on activities and farmer training that help increase carbon sequestration, reduce carbon emissions, and ensure deforestation free sourcing.
Prevention of further emissions:
Zero deforesation and carbon positive cocoa farming is strongly linked with lifting farmers out of poverty. Farmers earning a decent livelihood through improved cocoa production are far less likely to exploit new lands through deforestation. To ensure deforestation-free, Cocoa Horizons requires farms have not deforested for at least 5 years before registration, or 1 January 2005, whichever is earlier.
Environmental training to prevent or avoid emissions, through:
· Retaining organic carbon in soils through ground cover, mulching or retaining pruning in cocoa plots rather than removing or burning
· Retaining remnant forest trees
Reducing emissions and sequestering carbon:
There is substantial scope for removing CO2 from the atmosphere and storing it in the landscape. Cocoa Horizons farmers facilitate this by:
· Increasing the density of cocoa trees
· Increasing the number of non-cocoa trees on farm. The trees are valuable to farmers for fruit, fuel wood, shade, timber, and/or medicinal/herbal purposes. Trees may be planted in cocoa plots (as shade) or on-farm but outside the cocoa plots, including as ‘living fences’, disease barrier strips, on fallow/underutilized areas or nearby the household.
Cocoa Horizons farmers also reduce CO2 emissions through:
· Efficient cook stoves in households, that burn half as much wood as traditional stove
· Solar Home Systems, that reduce kerosene burning for lighting
· Household water treatment systems, that avoid burning wood for water treatment (boiling)
Combined, these interventions will result in a carbon positive and deforestation free cocoa farming community